Dmitriy Mendeleev
SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY In 1855, Mendeleev graduated with honors and began teaching first at the gymnasium of Simferopol, then at Odessa (he was sent to the south for health amendment at…

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The greatest people of all time.
What does it mean to be famous? Here, for example, Chesley Sullenberger got into the second position of the Top 100 most influential people in 2009 for just a successful…

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Georgiy Zhukov
Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov - Soviet commander, who headed the defeat of the invincible Wehrmacht by the Red Army in 1945. He had to learn not only world-wide fame and tremendous…

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CAREER DEVELOPMENT

In 1931, a young specialist worked at the Central Clinical Hospital of one of the capital aircraft factories. After a couple of months, he moved to the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. Then, as a senior engineer at TsAGI, he also took up research on the principles of operation of jet engines in the organization of GIRD, established jointly with the inventor Zandler and with the assistance of Osoaviakhim, where the first Soviet ballistic liquid-fuel missiles were tested under his command. As a result of achievements of this scale, he received the Osoaviakhim badge “For active defense work.” In 1933, on the basis of their group and a specialized laboratory from the city on the Neva River, the Research Institute of the Heavy Industry was established. At this institute, a 26-year-old design engineer received the post of deputy director for scientific work and the category of divisional engineer, that is, the general’s rank. However, a year later, for disagreeing with the leadership on a number of working points, he was relieved of his high office. He focused on the development of advanced weapons, creating innovative types of missiles.
DIFFICULT YEARS
In 1938, an outstanding “space father” was accused of sabotage and terrorist activities. Korolev worked on a powder-winged torpedo with photocells, which under current conditions could not be manufactured. The designer was accused of projects that were obviously unsuitable for the state, and the damage was estimated at 120 thousand rubles. In 1938, Korolev was arrested and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Korolev was arrested and sentenced to 10 years in prison with confiscation of property. During interrogations with addiction, he was beaten to a concussion and a broken jaw. But he was considered “lucky”, because many of the leaders of the RNII then were shot. In 1939, the designer took to dig gold on Kolyma, where he almost died of starvation, cold and scurvy. Mother and friends were bothering to review the case, and at the end of the same year they made a decision to bring the scientist back to the mainland for further investigation. On the way to Magadan, in 40-degree frost, Providence again intervened in the fate of the inventor, when he, frozen and hungry, found a warm loaf of bread in the snow, and then could not get on the last boat, Indigirka, before closing the navigation. This circumstance that upset him almost to tears in fact saved his life – the ship sank with passengers and crew on the fourth day of the journey in a storm in the Sea of ​​Japan. Sergei Korolev: why academician hated gold Video does not work? Read: 3 reasons for which a man throws even the best woman He arrived in the capital in March, was re-convicted, got 8 years with a sending to a local special prison, where he could work in his favorite field of activity under the authority of convicted Andrey Tupolev. They produced progressive bombers, and Korolev of his own free will worked on the development of missiles. In July 1941 they were evacuated to Omsk. After learning about the design of rocket systems in a similar design bureau at the aircraft factory in Kazan, where the chief designer was his former RNII colleague Valentin Glushko, the experimenter applied for transfer to Kazan. In the autumn of 1942 he arrived in the Tatar capital and already in the winter presented a plan for the creation of a jet accelerator for the Pe-2 diving bomber. In 1944, Korolev was released early by order of Stalin. Read: 8 Russian stars who don’t fundamentally undress in front of cameras. In 1944, it became clear that victory in the war was near, and there would be no one to develop aviation technology – all highly qualified designers are sitting in prisons. Then Lavrenty Beria addressed Joseph Stalin with a proposal to release him early with the removal of a criminal record of a number of talented prisoners. The chairman of the State Defense Committee gave his consent, and Korolev received his freedom.
ROCKET BUILDING
In 1945, a highly skilled specialist was honored with the Badge of Honor, he received the position of senior lecturer at the Kazan Aviation High School and was seconded as a lieutenant colonel in the GDR to borrow the best ideas from German rocket technology designs. A year later, he was appointed lead engineer of the V-2 Institute for Analysis, established in Nordhausen. In 1948, he proceeded to the tests made on the model of the P-1. Since 1950, after the elimination of the deficiencies identified in the course of combat training launches, they were put into service and reliably defended the country. In 1945 Korolev was honored with the Badge of Honor. Then Sergey Korolev successfully worked on the optimization, design and testing of various cruise missile variants (two-stage, intercontinental, strategic, land-based, sea-based, etc.), coordinating the work of enterprises participating in their production, the actions of scientists their creation (as head of the Council of Chief Designers) and sought to conquer outer space.

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