STEVEN HOKING AND DISCOVERY “ON THE DISPUTE”
The area in which Stephen Hawking was a scientist was cosmology and quantum gravity. The main achievements in these areas include the study of thermodynamic processes occurring in black holes, the discovery of the so-called. “Hawking radiation” (a phenomenon developed by Hawking in the 75th year, which describes the “evaporation” of black holes), putting forward an opinion on the process of disappearance of information inside black holes (in the report dated July 21, 2004).
Stephen Hawking and another scientist, Kip Thorn, were beaten about a mortgage in 1974. The subject of the dispute was the nature of the space object called Cygnus X-1 and its radiation. So, Hawking, contradicting his own research, insisted that the object is not a black hole. Having admitted his defeat, in 1990, Hawking gave the prize to the winner. It is funny that the rates of scientists were very piquant. Hawking set a one-year binder for the erotic magazine Penthouse against a 4-year subscription to a satirical magazine, “Private eye.” Another bet that Hawking made in 1997, already in tandem with K. Thorn, against Professor J. Prescill, was the impetus for the revolutionary research of the scientist and the report in 2004. So, Preskill believed that in the waves emitted by black holes, there is some information, but people are unable to decipher it. On which Hawking objected to him, relying on his own research of 1975, that such information is not possible to detect, since it enters the Universe parallel to ours. In 2004, at a conference on cosmology in Dublin, Hawking presented to the scientists a new revolutionary theory about the nature of a black hole, recognizing the correctness of his opponent Preskill. In his theory, Hawking concluded that information did not disappear without a trace in black holes, but was significantly distorted, and one day it would leave the hole with the radiation.
HOCKING – POPULAR SCIENCE
Stephen Hawking is also known as an active popularizer of science. His first popular scientific work was the book “A Brief History of Time” (1988), which is still a bestseller. Scientist Stephen Hawking created his universe. Also Hawking is the author of Black Holes and Young Universes (published in 1993), World in a Nutshell (2001). In 2005, the popularizing scientist reprinted his Short History …, inviting the co-authors Leonard Mlodinov. The book was published under the title “The shortest history of time.” In collaboration with his daughter Lucy, Hawking published a popular science book for children, “George and the Mysteries of the Universe” (2006). A scientist gave a lecture in the White House, in 1998. There he gave a scientific enough optimistic forecast to humanity for the next 1000 years. The statements of 2003 were less spiritualizing; he advised mankind in them without moving to other inhabited worlds, from viruses that threaten our survival. He is the author of a series of documentaries about the universe, released in 1997 (3-episode), in 2010 (6 episodes) and in 2012 (3-episode).
REWARDS STEVEN KHOKING
For his scientific research, Stephen Hawking was awarded a huge number of awards and prizes, such as: Einstein Medal (1979), Order of the British Empire (1982), Order of Cavaliers of Honor (1989), Prize in Fundamental Physics (2013) and many others. DEATH March 14, 2018 Stephen Hawking died. He was 76 years old. He died at his home in Cambridge. Three children of the scientist: Lucy, Robert and Tim, made the following statement: We are deeply saddened by the fact that our beloved father died today. He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and heritage will live for many years.