Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev – the former General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the first and only president of the Soviet Union. In the photo: Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev. The activities of the Soviet leader influenced the course of world history, in particular, led to the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan and the Warsaw Pact countries, ensured the signing of an agreement with the United States on reducing the number of medium-range missiles, and contributed to the reunification of Germany. These and other of his merits became a weighty basis for the presentation of the policy of the Nobel Peace Prize. In the post-Soviet space, the historical role of the ex-president is ambiguous – some consider him an outstanding political figure who managed to break a powerful totalitarian system, others blame him for the deliberate disintegration of the state and even for all the current troubles of the Russian Federation.
Mikhail Sergeyevich worked in the specialty a little more than a week, and then switched to Komsomol work – he headed the regional propaganda department of the youth organization of the Communist Party. Mikhail Gorbachev in his youth Successfully advancing in service, in 1956, he already became secretary of the city committee, after 5 years he occupied a similar post in the regional committee of the Komsomol. In 1961, he was nominated as a delegate to the XXII Congress of the CPSU, a year later – by the party organizer of the regional committee of agricultural administration, then by the head of the regional party organizations. He studied by correspondence at the economics department of the Stavropol Agricultural Institute and earned a reputation as a promising, thinking and principled party worker. In 1966, Gorbachev headed the town party committee. Mikhail Gorbachev and Yuri Andropov.
In the Stavropol region, many top officials of the country came to rest, with whom the future Secretary General had good relations. It is known that Yuri Andropov valued Gorbachev, called “the Stavropol nugget” and considered his candidacy for the post of deputy chairman of the KGB of the Soviet Union. Mikhail Gorbachev and Leonid Brezhnev.
In 1970, he was appointed first secretary of the regional committee of the party. The young and enterprising party functionary, in addition to Andropov, was highly appreciated by other leaders of the first echelon, including Brezhnev, Gromyko and Suslova. In 1978, he was elected Secretary of the Central Committee, and he moved to the capital. Two years later he was included in the Politburo. Mikhail Gorbachev and Vladimir Putin. In 1985, he was promoted to the post of general secretary of the CPSU Central Committee. Since 1988, Gorbachev began to combine it with the post of head of the Supreme Council. Once at the pinnacle of power, he became the initiator of such processes that remained in history under the names “perestroika”, “acceleration”, “publicity”, “prohibition”. Among the achievements of his board are also called the right to choose religion and the possibility of foreign travel. Since March 15, 1990, the politician became the president of the USSR and the commander-in-chief of the military forces. Mikhail Gorbachev announces the introduction of “prohibition” Video does not work? Read: What do celebrity children think about parental bed scenes? In 1991, a number of party functionaries, large security officials, members of the government and the KGB announced the formation of the Emergency Committee and reported that the leader of the state was unwell.
In August, the Soviet leader resigned as general secretary, and in November he withdrew from the CPSU. In December, the leaders of the Union republics signed an agreement on the establishment of the Commonwealth of Independent States, which ended the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Later, the ex-leader did not recognize responsibility for the collapse of the USSR and shifted it to Russia and to Boris Yeltsin. Mikhail Gorbachev on the Belovezhsk agreements.
Having decided to resign, the former head of the superpower began to conduct active social activities. He organized the Foundation for Socio-Economic and Political Studies, wrote a number of scientific works, published works “Alone with Himself”, “Life after the Kremlin”, “Gorbachev in Life”. Mikhail Gorbachev.
In 2016, he received congratulations on his 85th birthday from Vladimir Putin. The ex-president sometimes criticized the policy of the state leader, but on the whole he always supported. In 2017, he presented his memoirs “I remain an optimist” at a meeting with readers in the capital’s “House of the Book.”
The former president is a widower. With his late wife Raisa Maksimovna (before Titarenko’s marriage), he met in his student years. They were married in 1953 and after graduation, they moved to the North Caucasus together. Mikhail Sergeevich with his wife Raisa Maksimovna In 1957, the couple had a daughter, Irina. His wife worked as a lecturer of the society “Knowledge”, taught at the Department of Philosophy of Medical and Agricultural Institute. After moving to the capital, she lectured at Moscow State University, was engaged in social activities and always supported her husband’s progressive undertakings. Mikhail Sergeevich and Raisa Maksimovna Gorbachev. Love Story Video not working? In 1999, she was diagnosed with leukemia and, despite the efforts of German oncologists, she died. This was a huge blow to Mikhail Sergeyevich.