Emomali Sharipovich Rakhmon (real surname Rakhmonov) is a Tajik politician, since 1994 he has been the permanent president of the Republic of Tajikistan.
BEGINNING CAREER EMOMALI RAHMON
Since 1976, Emomali Rakhmonov confidently built his career at the Lenin State Farm in his small homeland. By 1982, he served as secretary of the board, then grew to the chairman of the trade union committee of the state farm. For the next six years (1982 – 1988), the young man was engaged in party work at the state farm: he was the secretary of the party committee of the state farm, an instructor of the district committee. In 1988, he was appointed director of the state farm, which he held until 1992. Emomali Rahmon chose politics.
In 1992, the career of Emomali Rakhmonov went up: he was elected deputy of the Supreme Council of the XII convocation of the TSSR. It happened against the backdrop of the spring opposition rallies that shook the capital of the state of Dushanbe that year. The rally of his supporters was christened Communist for the abundance of red symbolism and old slogans. Due to the threat of open armed confrontation, his camp returned to Kulyab for some time, where in the autumn of the same year, Emomali replaced the chairman of the Kulyab regional executive committee, Jiyonhon Rizoyev, who was soon killed, presumably for disagreeing with the expansion of the Kulyab party nomenclature. At the same time, the first paramilitary units of the so-called Popular Front were formed, whose direct organizers were Emomali Rakhmonov and Sangak Safarov. The latter is credited with eliminating the rival of his friend, the former chairman of the executive committee, Jiyonhon Rizoyev. In the city of Termez, the possibility of armed capture of the capital with the help of these detachments was then seriously considered. Emomali Rakhmon headed the Popular Front. At the beginning of December, at the XVI session of the Supreme Council of the TSSR in the town of Arbob, bypassing the constitution, Emomali Rakhmnov was appointed chairman of the Supreme Council instead of the retired Rakhmon Nabiyev. At the same time, a “legitimate” coalition government with compromise candidates from the opposition was created. The building of the Council at that moment was surrounded by armored personnel carriers and several cordons of machine gunners, therefore the resignation of the Council of Ministers, like the chairman himself, was inevitable. Their democratically and Islamist supporters were driven away by armed units from Dushanbe, to the east of the state. Most of the ministerial portfolios and positions were predictably received by people from Kulyab. Emomali Rahmon with his wife and children.
As for relations with the Russian Federation at this time, Russian diplomats began to write notes of protests when Russians left Russia and left their belongings and apartments. And this despite the assurances of Emomali Rakhmonov in early 1993 to consider the possibility of granting the Russian language official status and approval of the law on dual citizenship.
PRESIDENT OF TAJIKISTAN EMOMALI RAHMON
November 6, 1994, that is, two years after the revolutionary events, a presidential election was held in Tajikistan, at which Emomali Rakhmonov convincingly won the victory. Despite the officially declared high voter turnout, the opposition forces ignored the elections and, led by Abdulladzhanov, charged Emomali Rakhmonov with fraud. Emomali Rahmon became president of Tajikistan.
When parliamentary elections were held in the country in early 1995, the majority of deputy mandates were predictably received by people from the Popular Front and the city of Kulyab. In early 1996, Emomali Rakhmonov showed political foresight when he did not use force against rebellious rebels who threatened to go to Dushanbe with weapons, but decided to donate several ministerial portfolios to them in exchange for the surrender of military equipment to the army barracks. Thus, by 1997, the Islamists partially regained their positions in the country’s power structures, and the balance necessary for a truce was restored. On September 26, 1999, amendments were made to the Constitution of the country, which increased the presidential term to seven years, together with the four figures that appeared earlier. At the same time, Emomali Rakhmonov was elected representative of Tajikistan in the UN General Assembly. In November of the same year, the absolute majority of Emomali Rakhmonov won the presidential election. Subsequently, in 2003, regular amendments were made to the country’s Constitution, which allowed the president to occupy two seven-year terms in a row instead of one. At the same time, the previous term was not taken into account. Emomali Rakhmon became the undisputed leader of his country. In 2006, Emomali Rakhmonov won a landslide victory in the presidential election. At this time, the country was “tajikization” of names – “Russian” endings of names and surnames were banned. Rakhmonov changed his surname to “Rakhmon” and got rid of the middle name. This marked the era of a rollback to Tajik folk traditions and the old way of life throughout the country.