CAREER DEVELOPMENT
In 1931, a young specialist worked at the Central Clinical Hospital of one of the capital aircraft factories. After a couple of months, he moved to the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute.…

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Dmitriy Mendeleev
SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY In 1855, Mendeleev graduated with honors and began teaching first at the gymnasium of Simferopol, then at Odessa (he was sent to the south for health amendment at…

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Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev - President of the Russian Federation from 2008 to 2012, since May 2012 he has headed the Government of the Russian Federation. POLITICAL CAREER DMITRY MEDVEDEV When…

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Nikita Khrushchev

Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev is one of the most impulsive and controversial Soviet political leaders. He expanded the boundaries of freedom and earned a reputation as a fighter for democratization, condemning Stalin’s terror, amnesty political prisoners, reducing repression and the influence of ideological censorship. When it was a breakthrough in space and deployed large-scale housing construction, there were passports from farmers and unprecedented openness to the world with the arrival of foreign tourists, artists, students.
But the name of the third head of the USSR (after Lenin and Stalin) is also connected with the suppression of the uprising against the pro-Soviet regime in Hungary; the laureate of Boris Pasternak, foul language in the Manezh at the exhibition of avant-garde artists, breaking off relations with China, the peak of the Cold War tensions with the United States.

But the name of the third head of the USSR (after Lenin and Stalin) is also connected with the suppression of the uprising against the pro-Soviet regime in Hungary; the laureate of Boris Pasternak, foul language in the Manezh at the exhibition of avant-garde artists, breaking off relations with China, the peak of the Cold War tensions with the United States.
CAREER IN THE CPSU
The initiative and energetic fighter for the cause of Stalin in 1925 led the Petrovo-Maryinsky District Committee of the CP (B) U in Donbass. In 1928, he received his first high assignment – the deputy organizing department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party – and moved to Kharkov, where there were republican government bodies. An initiative and assertive fighter for the Stalin case. A year later he became a student of the Industrial Academy in Moscow, he enthusiastically took up the fight against the “rightists” and soon became the party secretary of the educational institution. In 1932, he was appointed second secretary of the city committee. He became the right hand of the first person of the committee, a close associate of Stalin, Lazar Koganovich. In 1934, he was already the successor to his chief as head of the CIM, and a year later – the regional committee, although he did not receive a diploma from the academy. On Koganovich’s instructions, the loyal Stalinist controlled the construction of the metro. In 1935, in honor of the successful completion of the first stage of an important object, he was awarded his first Order of Lenin. In the same period, he demonstrated considerable zeal in the organization of the Stalinist “purges”, in the embodiment of plans to accelerate the pace of industrialization. By 1937, the politician entered the circle of the most influential persons in the USSR. He was a deputy of the Supreme Council, a member of the Presidium and the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine. In 1935, Khrushchev was awarded his first order of Lenin. Read: 4 wonderful things that would not have happened without Vladimir Zelensky. Arriving in 1938 for the Ukraine, which had survived a terrible famine, and replacing repressed Stanislav Kosior at the top position, he took up the formation of a new administrative apparatus republic instead destroyed by mass repression. Punitive expulsions with him did not stop, but were carried out on a smaller scale. The brightest moments from the speeches of Khrushchev.
During the Great Patriotic War, the politician was a member of the military councils of a number of fronts. In 1943, he earned the high rank of lieutenant general. A year later, on the 50th anniversary of his birth, he was awarded the second Order of Lenin. He led the brutal suppression of the anti-Soviet partisan movement in the western regions of Ukraine, putting to death more than 150,000 and deportation of about 200,000 of the 3.5 million inhabitants of the region. He was the prime minister of the Ukrainian SSR, then the newly elected party secretary of the republic. As a member of the Politburo, he often visited the capital and met with the leader of the state. Nikita Khrushchev – Prime Minister of the USSR Since 1949, the Ukrainian leader was transferred to Moscow. The head of the USSR instructed him to bring order to the capital party organization and entrusted the post of secretary of the CPSU (b), although he did not have much respect for him. For example, during a feast at the leader’s dacha, where the most important issues of the state were discussed in a narrow circle, Iosif Vissarionovich made the bald, short and full companion dance the hopak, bursting into laughter.
GENERAL SECRETARY OF THE CPSU CC
Nevertheless, after the departure of Stalin in 1953, the politician, whom many perceived as a poorly educated simpleton, managed to beat the all-powerful head of the special services Lavrentiy Beria in the fight for the throne, the chairman of the Council of Ministers Grigory Malenkov and all other candidates, becoming the new sole party leader. In 1953, Khrushchev took the place of Stalin.

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