Vladimir Lenin (present: Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) – the famous revolutionary, leader of the Land of Soviets and leader of the working people of the whole world, founder of the first socialist state in world history, founder of the Communist International. In the photo: Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin). He was one of the key ideological inspirers of the October Revolution of 1917 and the first head of the new state created on the basis of the union of equal republics and the theory of the subsequent world revolution. In the USSR, he was the object of incredible veneration and worship. He was glorified, exalted and idealized, called the seer, a giant of thought and a shrewd genius. Today, the attitude towards him is quite contradictory in different social strata: for some he is the greatest political theorist who influenced the course of world history, for others he is the author of particularly cruel concepts for the destruction of compatriots who destroyed the foundations of the country’s economy.
In 1895, the young man traveled to Europe, where he met with members of the Russian Marxist group Emancipation of Labor. Returning to the city on the Neva, he founded the “Union of Struggle” in partnership with Julius Martov. They were in charge of strikes, the release of a workers newspaper with Ulyanov’s articles, and the distribution of leaflets. We must fight religion. This is the alphabet of all materialism and, therefore, of Marxism. But Marxism is not materialism, stopped at the alphabet. Marxism goes further. He says: one must be able to fight religion, and for this we must materialistically explain the source of faith and religion among the masses. Soon Vladimir was arrested and sent for 3 years to exile in the Siberian village of Shushenskoye, where he later wrote over three dozen articles. At the end of the sentence, Ulyanov went abroad. Once in Germany, in 1900 he initiated the publication of the famous underground newspaper Iskra. Then he began to sign his essays and articles with the pseudonym Lenin. Vladimir Ilyich placed great hopes on Iskra, believing that it would unite disunited revolutionary organizations under the banner of Marxist ideology. Stalin, Lenin and Trotsky In 1903, Brussels hosted the Second Congress of the RSDLP, prepared by a revolutionary, where there was a split into supporters of his idea of seizing power by force and supporters of the classical parliamentary path – the Mensheviks, and the party program developed together with Plekhanov. In 1905, at the I Party Conference in Finland, he first met with Stalin. Any extreme is not good; all that is good and useful, brought to the extreme, can even become, beyond a certain limit, evil and harm. Victory in the February Revolution of 1917, which led to the overthrow of the monarchy, Lenin met abroad. Arriving at home, he called for an uprising against the Provisional Government. Lev Trotsky, head of the Petrograd Soviet, dealt with his organization. On October 25, the Bolsheviks, with the support of the proletariat, seized power. Lenin headed a completely new form of government of the RSFSR – Council of People’s Commissars, signed decrees on land (confiscation of landlords’ lands) and the world (negotiations on non-violent reconciliation of all belligerent countries).
In the country devastation reigned, and in the minds of people – confusion they chaos. Lenin signed a decree on the creation of the Red Army and the degrading Brest Peace to be able to focus on internal problems. Many bright minds of the country, not appreciating his ideas, emigrated, others joined the White movement. The civil war broke out. No one is guilty of being born a slave; but a slave who not only shuns desire for his freedom, but justifies and embellishes his slavery, such a slave is causing a legitimate feeling of indignation, contempt and disgust – lackey and ham. During this period, the Bolshevik leader ordered the execution of the entire royal family. Nicholas II and his wife, five of their children and close servants were killed on the night of July 16-17 in Yekaterinburg. Note that the question of the involvement of Lenin in the shooting of the Romanovs is still debatable. In 1918, there were two assassinations of Lenin. Read: How clothes give a total lack of taste: 9 fashionable mistakes. In 1918, there were two assassinations of Lenin (in January and August) and the murder of the chief security officer of Petrograd, Moses Uritzky. As a response to what happened, the Red Terror was organized by the government on the initiative of Felix Dzerzhinsky. Within its framework, the decree on the death penalty was revived, the creation of concentration camps began, they practiced forced recruitment into the army, pogroms of Orthodox churches.
The Bolsheviks introduced a tough and inefficient concept of “war communism”, attracting people to free public work up to 16 hours a day, confiscated food, and liquidated the market. At the heart of the NEP lay ideas for the work of Vladimir Lenin