Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the coastal city of Porbandar in a Vaishnava family that belonged to the Vaishya caste. The family had four children.…

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BIOGRAPHY LAVRENTIA OF BERIA
Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria is one of the most influential politicians of the Stalin period, the omnipotent NKVD chief, whose name is associated both with executions of representatives of the party…

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Denis Papen
Denis Papen is a famous French scientist, physicist, mechanic, talented inventor, who was well ahead of his time and made an important contribution to the development of technical progress. His…

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Kim Jong-il

Kim Jong Il is the ex-leader of North Korea, awarded after the death of the highest military title of generalissimo, four times the hero of the country, the son of the founder of the state Kim Il Sung. The leader of Korea, Kim Jong Il Leader of the state, was called such epithets as the Father of the People, the Iron Commander, the Center of the Nation. His birthday by decision of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Labor Party became a national holiday – the Day of the Shining Star. Kim Jong Il repeatedly took the first position in the anti-rating of the worst dictators of the world, annually created by the American magazine Parade on the basis of information from human rights organizations. This happened, among other things, due to the fact that he chose nuclear blackmail as one of the central instruments of the republic’s foreign policy.
POLITICAL CAREER KIM CHEN IRA
Labor activity of the future leader of the nation began in the seventies. At first he worked as an instructor of the Central Committee, later – a member of the Politburo. In the 1980s, Kim Jong Il became a member of the main legislative body – the Supreme People’s Assembly. His remit was to direct the work of domestic intelligence services. Kim Jong Il while working at the Central Committee International experts called him involved in the operations to liquidate Korean dissidents abroad, to terrorist acts. In particular, he was accused of organizing an explosion of a South Korean passenger plane in November 1989. This tragedy claimed 115 lives. In his successors as head of state, the father began to prepare his son in advance. Along with glorifying the acts of the father, propaganda also praised Kim Jr.’s superhuman greatness and wisdom. In 1991, Chen-il was appointed supreme commander, a year later – Marshal, then – head of the Defense Committee. In 1994, when Kim Il Sung died, at a plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the Labor Party, a resolution was approved to transfer unlimited power to his son. Having officially gained the honorary title of “Great Leader,” Kim Jong Il supervised all the main activities of the state – the industry, geopolitical strategy, the nature of nuclear research, culture, and so on. In 1997, he was elected Secretary General of the Workers’ Party of Korea (TPC). PERSONAL LIFE KIM CHEN IRA The “Great Commander” was married four times and had 3 sons who were trained in Switzerland. Although some sources claim that the head of state allegedly had 17 children. Height Kim Jong Il 175 cm. At the beginning of their relationship, the girl was already married, which did not please the father of the young man. She divorced and married Chen Il, bore him in 1971 the first child Kim Jong Nam. But under pressure from Kim Il Sung, the couple had to leave. Son Hye Rome went abroad, and her husband took care of her maintenance. She died in Moscow in 2002. The eldest son was considered a possible heir to the father’s work. But the implementation of these plans in 2001 was prevented by the incident at the Tokyo airport. Then the local police detained a 30-year-old son of the head of the DPRK, who tried to cross the border on a fake passport. Later he moved to Macau and did not maintain friendly relations with his father. The wife of the “Sun of the Nation” number two was Kim En Suk from the family of a high-ranking official. They had a girl named Kim Sol Son in 1974, who at a mature age worked as a father’s secretary. It was this wife that Kim Il Sung chose for his son. It is believed that only with her Chen Ir was officially painted, although it is true or not it is difficult to say. Relations between spouses were far from loving, and the head of state loved the society of beautiful women. Kim Jong-il’s Family Kim Yong Hee became the third leader. She was a native of Japan, engaged in dancing, the art of ballet, died in 2004 in Paris as a result of a car accident or, according to media reports, from oncology. The couple first had a son, Kim Jong Chol (born in 1981), who had absolutely no interest in his political career, and later lived in the PRC. A year (or two) later, Kim Jong-un, the youngest heir proclaimed “the greatest follower.” Kim Jong-un – son of Kim Jong-il Read: The best Eurovision participant from Russia in the history of the Wise Leader’s Fourth Wife was chosen. Kim Ok. She is a graduate of Pyongyang University in piano, ex-business husband and TPK Committee on Arts. Kim Jong-il was fascinated by cars, football, fishing, hunting, reading, music. He had a weakness for cigar smoking and for brandy.
LAST YEARS OF LIFE AND DEATH OF KIM CHEN IRA
During the reign of Kim Jr., the republic became somewhat less isolated than when his father was in power. However, in 1995-1999. in the DPRK, there was famine caused by ineffective government policies, unfavorable weather conditions for farming.

BIOGRAPHY LAVRENTIA OF BERIA
Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria is one of the most influential politicians of the Stalin period, the omnipotent NKVD chief, whose name is associated both with executions of representatives of the party…

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Vladimir Lenin
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Alexey Nikolaevich Beketov
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