Elizabeth II – one of the most influential women in the world, the head of the Windsor dynasty, who has been Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for more than 65 years. A flexible politician who is able to defend his opinion, she is a symbol of her country and enjoys particular popularity and love of the people.
CHILDHOOD AND FAMILY
Elizabeth II is the eldest daughter of Prince Albert, born on April 21, 1926 in the Mayfair mansion on Bruton Street during the reign of George V, who was her grandfather. The full name of the royal monarch is Elizabeth Alexandra Maria, the girl received the name in honor of her mother, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Elizabeth II in childhood. In 1936, after two decades of rule, King George, who loved his granddaughter very much, passed away. The throne passed to Edward VIII. In the name of love for the beautiful Wallis Simpson, a divorced American, he abdicated the throne. The story of Edward and Miss Simpson is considered one of the greatest love stories of the 20th century, and it was she who led the father of Elizabeth to the British throne, who was crowned in May 1937 as George IV.
The next contender for the throne was considered the brother of George IV Henry, but he refused the role of heir to the throne in favor of Princess Elizabeth, who at that time had barely passed 11 years. As befits a princess, Elizabeth studied the humanities and the exact sciences, but she paid special attention to law, including international, and received a decent education without leaving the palace. The princess was proud of her excellent knowledge of French, which she learned on her own. During World War II, the future queen drove and repaired cars. In 1940, Princess Elizabeth first spoke on the radio: a thirteen-year-old girl from Buckingham Palace supported children affected by the Nazi bombings. Princess Elizabeth’s sincere words instilled hope in the British people, and she won sympathy even among some of the most critical citizens in relation to the crown. In 1943, the princess officially assumed the position of adviser. Contrary to popular belief, Elizabeth did not perform military service, but was in the women’s self-defense detachment, she studied to drive an ambulance, thereby setting an example for women in Britain. In 1947, on her birthday, Elizabeth again spoke on the radio, assuring the British people that her whole life would be devoted to Britain. In the same year, she was married to Philip, Prince of Denmark. Elizabeth II in his youth Read: Famous lesbians and their second half (photo) The gradually deteriorating health of the father and the unfavorable forecasts of doctors required the almost constant presence of the future queen during official receptions, meetings and negotiations. By the beginning of 1951, no one had any doubts that the bill was going on for months, and unofficially Elizabeth took up her duties as a monarch. Queen Elizabeth with her husband in her youth. The news of the death of George IV overtook the princess in Kenya, where, together with her husband, she spent several days at the Tree Tops Hotel, nestled among the branches of a huge age-old tree. According to some data, on February 7, 1952, a record appeared in the hotel’s guest registration book that the princess climbed a tree for the first time in the entire history of civilization, but the queen came down from it. The coronation of Elizabeth II The coronation of the young queen was held on June 2, 1953 in the ancient cathedral of Westminster Abbey. The ceremony was broadcast on national British television, which boosted the popularity of the new monarch. Millions of Britons literally froze at the TV, trying not to miss the slightest detail of the most spectacular and beautiful events in the history of Britain. Despite the fact that in the post-war years the economy only began a long period of recovery, a tremendous amount was allocated from the treasury for the festive decoration of the streets. The white satin dress for the coronation ceremony was made by the court tailor Norman Hartnell, it was embroidered with the national emblems of Britain and the Commonwealth countries – English roses, Canadian maple leaves and Irish clover, as well as other colors that have symbolic meaning for Britain. Elizabeth II with her husband Philip.
In the golden open front carriage harnessed with eight gray horses, the queen and her husband proceeded to Westminster Abbey, where the kingdom’s festive wedding service took place.
In strict accordance with the existing tradition of parliamentary monarchy, the Queen performs functions that are exclusively representative in nature and does not have the right to influence the governance of the country. After the coronation, Elizabeth II made a six-month tour of the British colonies.