NELSON MANDELA BIOGRAPHY
The name Nelson Mandela is synonymous with freedom, it is on a par with the names of Gandhi, Patrice Lumumba and Angela Davis. After spending a quarter of life in prison, he did not change his convictions and became the first black president of his country.
The news that Dzhongitamba intends to marry Nelson, led to the fact that the young man fled to Johannesburg and got a security guard, but soon reconciled with the guardian, and he paid for his studies at the University of Witwatersrand. Jongitamba cherished the hope that Nelson would receive a law degree and become his associate, as was Gadlo Mandela. Nelson Mandela in his youth Read: Famous gays and their husbands (photo) In Johannesburg, Nelson became a member of the ANC, a left-wing political organization. A year later, he left his studies and, together with Tambo, opened a law office for providing services to the black population. The beginning of the creation of bantustans, a kind of reservations for the indigenous people, restricting the rights of representatives of the indigenous peoples of South Africa, and the flourishing of the policy of apartheid led to mass protests, but had no effect on the policies of the authorities. Nelson Mandela at the University of ANC Nelson and Oliver met the most prominent Congress activists Joe Slovo, the son of Lithuanian immigrants, and Harry Schwartz, who came from a wealthy family of German Jews. Nelson Mandela: A Documentary Movie Doesn’t video work? Read: Russian celebrities who said “goodbye” to excess weight (photo) After the victory of the Afrikaners Party, who fiercely supported the policy of apartheid, which many modern researchers have called a forced measure against eternal civil wars, from the beginning of the 60s ANC members began to develop more decisive ways to fight. Activists began to organize rallies and demonstrations, strikes, demanding the resignation of the government. Politician Nelson Mandela Read: How clothing gives a total lack of taste: 9 fashionable mistakes In 1956, about 150 members of the ANC, including Nelson, were arrested on suspicion of preparing an armed overthrow of power. The investigation of criminal activity lasted almost four years and by the decision of the court all the detainees were acquitted.
VIOLENCE IN RESPONSE TO VIOLENCE
As a supporter of the ideas of Gandhi, Mandela opposed the use of violence until the early 60s, but the incident, called the Sharpelvilsky shooting, influenced the change of his political concept. Nelson Mandela and colleagues In the spring of 1960, ANC activists organized a peaceful protest against the introduction of a permit system. More than 6,000 people came to the police station building early March morning and offered to arrest themselves for their lack of accounting documents. Despite the fairly correct behavior of police officers who tried to calm the crowd, whose number increased to 10 thousand, the situation got out of control and fire was opened from the air, as a result of which more than 50 protesters were killed. The UN condemned the South African government, but the authorities chose to tighten the screws and ban the ANC, forcing the opposition to go underground. In response to the shooting of civilians, the radical-minded Slovo and Schwartz created an ANC paramilitary branch, which was proposed to be led by Nelson. The group consisted of the most physically trained members of the ANC and included guerrilla warfare. For two years in large towns and cities, the Spear of the Nation grouping conducted about 200 sabotage at government offices, post offices, banks and crowded places, which led to the death of hundreds of people. ANC has condemned all countries, and Margaret Thatcher called Mandela the # 1 terrorist. Nelson Mandela. In 1962, one David Motsamaya was arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison for illegally crossing the border. But the investigation that led to the arrest of the ANK militants and a search of their training bases showed that under the name of Motsamayi the commander of the “black bombers” was hiding. “The violence of the government gave rise to counter-violence,” said Mandela in a lawsuit in 1962. In the spring of 1964, the militant activists of the ANC and Nelson Mandela were convicted of committing terrorist acts of sabotage and the use of tactical weapons against civilians and sentenced to death, but in April 1964 the death penalty was commuted to life imprisonment. EARNER OF CONSCIENCE From 1964 to 1982, the “black bomber” was kept at the establishment on Robben Island, where he was a cartographer, which allowed him to freely move around the island and even live in a staff cottage. Mandela was engaged in writing books and political manifestos, as well as education, he was finally able to get a bachelor’s degree in jurisprudence. Nelson Mandela is in prison. It is known that the South African government has repeatedly offered the prisoner freedom in exchange for renouncing his political beliefs and violent methods of struggle.