Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov
Upon arrival, during the year a student, who fouled a teacher and interrupted his studies in Germany without authorization, presented his dissertations in chemistry and physics to academicians. In 1742 he managed to earn an associate position in the Physical Class, began research, experiments, astronomical observations, reading public lectures in his native language. A year later, Michael showed his indomitable temper, making a violent, with selective curse speech against the domination of mediocre German professors in the walls of an educational institution. And again, in an amazing way, he managed to avoid penal servitude relying on such an offense (although he was detained for some time). Diploma issued to Mikhail Lomonosov by the Academy of Sciences for the title of Professor of Chemistry. In 1745, the 34-year-old scholar, having defended a number of works, became a professor of chemistry and received a noble title. He combined his intensive scientific work with literary creativity. In 1748, the scientist founded the country’s first chemical laboratory, embodying the revolutionary principle of the integration of science and practice. In parallel, he translated Homer, Horace, Virgil, Seneca, Rousseau, wrote odes imbued with patriotic pathos, high civilian poetry and other writings, including the famous “Rhetoric” with fundamental studies of the treatises of the best speakers of antiquity and the formulation of eloquence principles. Layout of the Mikhail Lomonosov Chemical Laboratory
After a speech with the “Commendable word to the Empress Elizabeth Petrovna,” in 1749 he was awarded the rank of collegiate adviser. Many outstanding lines belong to his pen: “The sciences feed young men, the elders are served to delight …”, “And the Russian land can give birth to its own Platons and quick minds of Newtons”. Mikhail Lomonosov in the chemical laboratory Read: How to skillfully hide low self-esteem in the eyes of others In 1751, the academician became the founder of not only scientific chemistry, but also physical – the first scientist read a course of lectures on this topic to students, accompanied by a demonstration of experiments. He designed instruments for research, in particular, he invented a pipe that allowed to distinguish objects at dusk, studied atmospheric electricity, gravity, the nature of the northern lights, and revived the art of mosaic.
In 1755, a genius scientist initiated the establishment of a university and laid down the basic principles of higher education – accessibility and fundamentality. In 1757 he became a member of the office of the Academy, issued the Russian Grammar, delimiting Church Slavonic and Russian, denoting its dialects, forms, styles. Mikhail Lomonosov in front of the Academy of Sciences. Read: Would the Empress turn out of you? 4 zodiac signs claim to the throne! Mikhail Lomonosov led a number of formations at the Academy, including the Geographical Department and the Historical Assembly, created an atlas of the country, a classifier of earthquakes, published a paper on calculations of the sea route and methods for finding geographical coordinates.
“The First Foundations of the Metallurgy or Ore Affairs” of Lomonosov Read: Ambiguous scenes, the actresses regretted their participation. In 1763 his opus on travels in the northern seas was published, then the works “On the Layers of the Earth”, “The First Foundations of Metallurgy or Ore Affairs . Ascended to the throne, Catherine II appreciated his brilliant and unparalleled activity and granted him the rank of State Counselor. Visit of Mikhail Lomonosov by Empress Catherine II PERSONAL LIFE of Mikhail Lomonosov
The professor was a monotone: he married in his student years, during his stay in Marburg, and remained faithful to his wife all his life. Elizabeth Zilh, daughter of his landlords, became his chosen one. They got married in 1740. The couple had three children, but only Elena’s daughter survived, born in 1749. Mikhail Lomonosov and his wife Elizaveta Tsilh. Read: 7 implicit problems of beautiful women who badly ruin their lives. There is evidence that Academician was with his wife. At one of the balls, Empress Elizaveta Petrovna presented her a beautiful fan. House of Mikhail Lomonosov on the Moika River, Petersburg. Read: They do not fall for these: man’s qualities that repel women once and for all Lomonosov’s daughter grew up as a highly educated girl who knew languages, literature, music. A month before his death, her father blessed her to marry the librarian of the Imperial Library, who was 21 years old, Alexei Konstantinov. Elena gave birth to a son and three daughters. She died, like Mikhail Vasilyevich’s mother, young, at 23 years old. DEATH In the last years of his life, the brilliant encyclopaedist became an honorary member of the Swedish and Bologna (Italy) Academies of Sciences, and also presented an outstanding study “Ancient Russian History”, outlining the principles of development and questions of the origin of the country. He died the greatest scientist in the city on the Neva at the age of 54 from pneumonia. Mikhail Lomonosov was buried at the Lazarevsky Cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. The only known direct descendant of Lomonosov from the living – the Estonian director and musician Peeter.