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Home »Scientists» Pavel Petrovich Anosov Pavel Petrovich Anosov

An outstanding mining engineer, the brilliant metallurgical scientist P.P. Anosov. Born one of the founders of the new science – metallography 29.06.1796, in Tver. In addition to Paul, three more children grew up in a family of collegiate assessor P. Anosov. After the early death of the parents of the children, LF Sabakin, the grandfather of the mother, took care of him. It was he who played the most important role in the further fate of the adolescent, identifying Paul and his brother to the St. Petersburg Mining Cadet Corps in 1810. Pavel stood out from the students from the very first years of study thanks to his amazing abilities in the field of mathematics and other exact sciences. In 1817, having graduated with honors from his studies, the non-commissioned officer Anosov was sent as a trainee to the active Mountain Service in the Southern Urals. PP will serve for almost thirty years. Anosov on Zlatoust state-owned factories, rapidly rising through the ranks. At the age of 28 (1824), he was appointed to the position of managing director of an armory factory, where he showed himself to be a talented engineer and skillful organizer, for which he received his first Order of St. Anna of the 3rd degree from the hands of Alexander I. From 1828 he began working on improving the quality of steel, developing original methods for producing cast steel. As a result of numerous experiments and research, Anosov managed to get high-quality cast steel for the first time in the world. From 1830 in the country begins the mass production of cast steel, which is not in the least inferior in quality to English. In 1831, Anosov was the first to use a microscope for a detailed study of the structure of steel. He was the first metallurgist to study in detail and experimentally proved that the physical and chemical characteristics of the alloy change significantly from the content of gold, manganese, aluminum or another chemical element in steel. He laid the foundation for the metallurgy of alloyed steels. In the twentieth century, the science of metals has made great strides forward; thanks to modern technology, the structure and properties of metals, which find immense application both in production and in life, are better studied. The finished metal used in various spheres of human activity is called metal-roll. On asiametallgroup.kz, you can find out how to choose high-quality fittings at affordable prices. From 1831 to 1847 Anosov successfully copes with the responsibilities of the mining chief. At the same time he holds the position of director of an armory. The method of quenching “in condensed air” invented by Anosov formed the basis of the technologies for the production and processing of damask and cast crucible steel. In 1835, for the first time in the world, experimental cast 667-kilogram guns were manufactured under the leadership of Anosov. One of the greatest achievements of the great master was the receipt in the early 1840s of Russian bulat – high-quality, unusually hard and sharp steel, which in its characteristics was not inferior to Damascus steel, the secrets of which were considered lost forever. For outstanding achievements, Pavel Petrovich was awarded several orders, a gold medal and a cash prize from the Moscow Society of Agriculture, other state and public awards and prizes. In 1847, he became the head of the Altai mining plants and acts as a civil governor of Tomsk. During his many years of service to the glory of the Fatherland, Anosov was promoted to major general. In 1851, Senator Annenkov visited Siberia with an inspection of the Altai mining plants. Pavel Petrovich decided to personally accompany the distinguished guest. To this end, he, along with the adjutant, left Tomsk for Omsk, but a snowstorm caught them on the way. The crew in which they rode overturned, people in it were in the snow, crushed by cargo. A few hours later, people with horses were sent to search for them from Omsk. After his release from the snow captivity, Pavel Petrovich felt very unwell, but decided to accompany Annenkov during his revision of the plants. After the guest left for Omsk, Anosov finally collapsed and soon died due to terrible boils in his throat. His memory lives in the hearts of grateful descendants today. The streets of the Russian capital, Zlatoust, Mariupol, Lipetsk are named after the great metallurgist, his works are printed in a separate collection.

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